Volume 11, Issue 36, Summer 2018, Page 9-238
Volume 11, Issue 36, Pages 9-60
The research addresses the concept of "Energy Security" and the challenges that face energy security for the EU, and Turkey’s role in securing the energy supplies for the EU from energy production areas in the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Middle East as a bridge connecting these important areas with Europe and as an important corridor for oil and gas pipelines transport from energy production areas to European markets, with good prices, which reduces the adoption of European countries on natural gas supplies from Russian Federation, and thus reducing the Russian political pressure on European policies toward issues of common interest between the EU and the Russian Federation
Volume 11, Issue 36, Pages 61-109
The relations between the EU and Iraq have witnessed a significant shift after 2003 which was reflected through the growing of European interest in Iraq, and the compliance of the EU with strengthening and developing its political and economic relations with Iraq. The research attempts to study areas of cooperation between the two sides through the forms of political and economic support provided by the EU for Iraq after 2003
Volume 11, Issue 36, Pages 111-153
Israel has old ambitions according to which it tries to revitalize them to control the most important rivers running in Arab countries. As it is known, these ambitions have deep historical roots in the Jewish faith and Zionist thought at the same time, as it was the thought of the early advocates of World Zionism since along time, when they felt the importance of securing the necessary water resources to ensure the construction of their promised state.
Based on the above, the one who read will see that the Old Testament (Bible) has focused largely on the Euphrates River without the rest of the other rivers and seas (Khabour, Nile, Jordan, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea) for this reason the leaders of the Zionist movement delineated their political entity by making it a border Water begins with a river and ends with a river (water to water. (
Volume 11, Issue 36, Pages 155-203
The Military coup attempt in Turkey in July, 15, 2016 is considered an important historical event for most researchers in Turkish affairs saying that military coups in Turkey have gone forever due to the constitutional reforms done by the AKP. The paper is divided into three sections. The first is talking about army’s intervention in Turkish policy. The second is about military reforms. The third is about the coup itself, its causes and results. At the end, this paper comes out with important conclusions, one of them is that the military intervention in Turkey is a significant feature in Turkish political life and this feature will stay till democracy will be applied with its real form.
Volume 11, Issue 36, Pages 205-238
The Turkish - Israeli relations have witnessed a significant tension in the political, military and security fields. The Turks conditioned a formal apology by "Israel" to restore relations, which was rejected by "Israel" completely, but the office of the Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu gave in the end on March 22,2013 and issued a statement presented a formal apology to Turkey for "mistakes that may have caused the killing of nine Turkish activists in the attack.
Then the Turkish - Israeli relations began in 2013 in the stage of the normalization of relations between the two sides.