Volume 9, Issue 29, Winter 2013, Page 9-407
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 9-16
October, 3, 2012 is the 80 anniversary of Iraq joining to the league of Nations which is the international organization founded at the end of World War I in 1914-1918.One of the consequences of revolution 1920 is that the British left their tactic in ruling Iraq directly and to open the door to form an Iraqi government by crowning prince Faisal Bin Al-Hussein as a king of Iraq on August 21,1921.After that, the constitutional bases of the state completed by joining the league of Nations.This organization is aiming at keeping international peace, solving struggles among regional and international powers peacefully. This study tackles the steps of joining the organization and since then, Iraq is considered an independent state.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 17-55
The technical activity of contemporary Arab serious attempt from the presence of Arab countries to catch up and live up in the global ownership of information technology through the establishment of information systems and accessories to provide all material and human resources within the framework of the so-called B ((E-government)).
We aim here to study what was produced by the Arab experience and documented in this area of data worthy of an Arab humanitarian mission documentation, according to a contemporary historical perspective. And in particular that there are successful applications-and to some extent-in some Arab countries. Through three axes, with the adoption of two Arab Onmozgen prominent.
- Eat first axis entitled: the concept of E-government, provide a short-hand for some of the concepts provided on the E-government, with the most important and the most prominent pillars of E-government.
- Focused on two axis, entitled: E-government role in sustainable development, applications to keep track of the global e-government in sustainable development.
- Introduced last theme entitled: Arab E-government applications an overview of applications of the Arab and Arab interest of information technology, with a focus on the experience of the Egyptian government and the experience of the United Arab Emirates as the tow experiments pioneers in this area according to the vision of history.
Development of the external trade of Malaysia and trends of the geographical distribution orientations from (1995-2011)
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 57-89
The research aims at realizing the Malaysian aspirations towards the world market through focusing on analyzing the orientations of the development of the external trade in both import and export between Malaysia and different countries of the world as well as the change of its geographical distribution during the period under discussion. The research is based on a hypothesis; states that there has been a development in Malaysian external trade with the world accompanied with a change in the geographical distribution of its components of merchandises' export and import. The research has also included two basic axes, the first has discussed the main features of the Malaysian economy, while the second has focused on the external trade and the aspects of its geographical distribution in Malaysia during that period. The research has attained a number of conclusions and proposals.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 93-109
The main purpose of research is to give a general comprehensive Idea about efficiency and Role Transportation Tools in Turkey. 2008. Research aim of define on reality transportation in Turkey and doing to develop because its direct effect upon economic development process and offer best services which population need it’s.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 111-163
This paper aimstoanalyse the role ofthe publicmunicipal servicesinlocal economic developmentof Nineveh Governorate,for 2003-2010andsought to identifythe points offailure, to raise theperformance of thesubsequent years. It isassumed that thetraditional mechanismsofthe prevailingsystemof workin the public sectorstillcausea lot ofshortcomings, as well as negative aspects oflocal governancesuch as corruption,red tape,manipulation ofpublic money, waste, lowsenseof responsibility andpubliccontrol and accountability.
Usingaquestionnairesurvey data,onthe comprehensivepublic
servicesand facilitiesin Nineveh,analysis has stoodat
fundamentalturning pointson the lowefficiency of public servicesand their impactnegatively onthe local economy. It has suggested many urgent gates for prompt remedies.
Key words: Municipal services, Public Sector, Economic Development, Mosul Municipal, Nineveh Municipals.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 165-208
Three decades ago and the Arab Maghreb countries aimed at achieving food security an Arab nationalist and provide safe food for the healthy people of the Maghreb and in case the Maghreb has achieved some successes in the field of higher rates of self-sufficiency in some food commodities the main wheat and red meat, fish and sugar, the quality of these goods in the which is below the international standard specifications, and despite that, they desperately need international policies supported by policies country achieve food security Maghreb of suitable quality and reasonable prices, and still this goal was not achieved and difficult to reach without coordination between the countries of the Maghreb is real and effective to solve this problem.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 213-246
The problem of the Kurdish Labor party is considered one of the most important internal problems for Turkey during 1980's on the seeurity and economic levels. AL so, this problem influenced the Turkish foreign relations with the regional states.
lt is illustrated through this study that the Turkish policies toward the Kurds in Turkey and keeping their regions in the state of underdevelopment moved the Kurds to join the leftist Marxian parties and to use politieal violence. Moreover, the study explained how Russia was not serious in supporting the Kurds and that was only according to its economic and political interests.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 249-285
Constitute the Palestinian issue key factor in policy Jordanian Foreign as well as a link Jordan outputs that case, whether that is compatible with their interests or that conflict with those interests regionally and internationally, and here was based on Jordanian policy in dealing with the movement by the data and regional circumstances that have passed and pass out on the regionArab in general and on the Palestinian arena in particular.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 287-315
The concept of acculturation (cultural adaptation) is considered from the modern social -cultural concepts in the interpretation of a dynamic people, and the various changes that have defined contemporary societies, the Arab nations led by their youth took part of the global acculturation campaign that globalization operates on a transfer to all parts of the world, carrying with it the values of democracy, freedom and justice, and cultural adaptation (acculturation) made in the Arab communities contributed in the success of the Arabic revolutions and the elimination of dictatorships and the peaceful transition to democracy in both Tunisia and Egypt, but it carries with it negative consequences primarily aims to change the Arab societies moral, intellectual and cultural system, and eliminate the cultural objection of the Arab citizen and make him vulnerable to the cultural penetration and civilizational Entailment of Western civilization, according to the aims of globalization.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 317-344
Europe occupied a large part of the concerns of political thought in the period Russian Tsarist and Soviet-era and then in the present era of the Russian Federation.
in spite of this importance in Russian, but he swings between wonder for the European model during the reign of the Caesars, and the desire to control the European continent during the political cover up of communism in the Soviet rule.
In the current period, visions and perceptions about the ranges of the trend are still unclear because the perceptions of Russian leaders after the transition to democracy looks different about the manners to be adopted in relations with Europe.
Volume 9, Issue 29, Pages 345-407
The ruling system in Oman transferred، as the case in all Arab Gulf States، from the traditional and tribal from of alliance into a rule of a royal family. But، Oman was distinguished by the rule of AL- Ebadhiya AL- Immamiah which is dominated this state during some period of its history. However، this Sultanate witnesses currently existence of political circles whether executive or legislative as the council of ministers and the council of Oman (Parliament); but، the actual center for decision making is the Sultan and the close circle to him. However، there are continuous