Volume 8, Issue 27, Summer 2012, Page 9-458
Re- Issuing Fata Al - Iraq News paper 2003 - 2009 in Mosul, lts National, patriotic and Islamic Directions
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 9-66
Mr. Ahmed Sami Al-Jalabi had found in the changes of Iraqi political life after the U.S. occupation and the fall of the regime on April, 9, 2003 the suitable chance to reissue the newspaper Fata – Al – Iraq aftir a stop of 34 years. The abolition of ministry of lnformation gave him the courage to do so and the freedom of issuing so many news papers. Al- Jalabi made great efforts in recording the news paper at journalists society. He tried to keep the Mosuli, National, Arab Islamic identity of the newspaper and to stand on the conditions of issuing the newspaper again which appeared for the first time in 1930. The owner of the newspaper confirmed the continuity of national themes of the first years of its issuing
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 67-94
The Turkish- Armenian relations have witnessed, since 2008, a remarkable political openness after Turkey being adopted the principle of " Zero- problems " with neighboring states within its foreign policy. The two parties have concluded an agreement on October 15,2009 according which the existing problems between the two states have been solved; also it permitted to resume political and economic relations; but both parliaments and the public opinion in these states rejected the agreement; due to that, the agreement has been frozen at that time. The efforts to normalize relations between both states have gained support of some states and reservation from other states ; and that is the theme of the study.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 95-151
The problem of the south of the most dangerous and the longer the problems racial (ethnic) and conflict, regional identities, which the African continent, and the administrations of U.S. Successive power inside the White House positions and views of different and diverse, not even the leaders decided the current U.S. administration (the administration of President Obama (2009 2012) to develop the end of it by supporting the referendum of Southern Sudan, which was conducted on January 9, 2011 and its consequences, and was all the evidence pointing toward the south to secede with the support and the assignment by the United States of America, which is trying this research followed by the illustration across the entrance to a historic, three main areas:
- Explain the first axis (the United States and the Machakos`s Agreement and the Peace law of Sudan) backgrounds American interest in the problem, attitudes and solutions provided by or supported by successive U.S. administrations, and was the most important agreement Machakos and the American Peace law of Sudan declared in 2002, which gave the right to self-determination for the south, which was approved by the government Sudanese.
- the second axis declared (the relationship between the ruling partners in Sudan and the U.S. position) kinds of the evolving relationship between the ruling partners in Sudan after the war ended after the signing of the peace agreement between them in the year 2005 and the U.S. position from him.
- the last theme Explained: (justification for the U.S. position on the separation of the south) features of the U.S. position and rationale in providing maximum support for the secession of southern Sudan.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 152-187
river has received The Jordanian proposal to get some part of water of the Euphrates acceptance by Iraqi government which showed desire to implement such a project through a pipeline for this purpose; and assigned it to many international companies to draw the related studies and designs: but the political factors and financing issues hindered both states to fulfill what was agreed about . However, Jordan was counting on implementing the project to solve water problem that the country went through since 1980's .
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 188-215
Turkish-Syrian relations are considered the most strained rather than Arab Neighboring countries as for geographic location, history, ethnic blending, Kurdish problem, water problem, and Turkish-Israeli Alliance and its impact on Syria as well as Turkey's relations with the USA and the NATO.
This study included an introduction, three subjects and conclusion. The first subject involved the Turkish-Syrian relations (historical view). While the second subject treated with Turkish - Syrian relations during the period from Adana's agreement in 1998 until 2002 and reformation for Turkish foreign policy and the Syrian Intifada on March 15,2011 and the Turkish attitude from that.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 216-239
During the recent years, economy of Algeria had faced a huge accumulation of monetary resources made basically from exporting burnings. Due the limitation of capacity and this needs to have an excellent investment for such short-life incoming and industry is being considered the prime sector for this investment.
This study tries to explain the scope of accumulation in monetary resources and damages in which the national economy might cause and how successful programs of industrialization be able to exploit this incomings and transforming the national economy into varied economy.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 240-295
The International rivers are considered of the issues that fall within the interest of international law as for the importance of it in legal or technical aspect, and fall within the scope of attention the issue of using or exploiting international rivers by littoral states which raises the importance of the states' rights and their duties toward each other in how to use the water of international rivers in a manner that allows no harm to neighbors.
The research sheds light on the issue of international rivers and the matters of legal problems resulted from relations among the littoral states and what resulting from the uses; also the research deals with regional cooperation among the littoral states through the extended international efforts to achieve international and regional cooperation among neighboring states through efforts done by the states and the United Nations in this regard to access to the modes of cooperation among the states according to the provisions of the general international
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 296-311
Iraqi-Turkish relations have an excellent standing within its regional environment that reflected the desire of both parts to find positive relations and these efforts resulted in mutual-agreements which took its international law shape by concluding a cooperation treaty for strategic security between the two countries on 10 july 2008, that started since signing of understanding memorandum in August 2007.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 312-336
No doubt that the attitudes of some states toward the historical events have major importance in explaining the dimension and nature of the event.
Since the U.S.A. was infront of the super powers that called for the necessity of change and reform in the Arab world through its concentration on the reports of the Arab human development and the negative consequences that are resulted from the Arab political, economic, and social life during the three past decades; thus, observing the attitudes of these powers is essential, so, the research targeted to the Arab changing movements in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, and Syria. In addition, the research contributes to explain the contradiction in the American attitude toward these events and its stages; before that, we must review the starting point of these changing movements and the causes and effects according to the historical and political approach that based on researching and investigating the events to access to the desired results.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 337-359
The security and stability in the Black Sea region is of great importance for Turkey in the era of the Cold War.
After the end of this period, Turks began their political activity in the neighborhood of their country during the presidency of the Turgut Ozal (1989 -1993) in order to build A Turkish regional leadership defined a (New Ottomanism).
The Turkish activity succeeded in combination of a group of countries opposing ethnically and ideologically in the project defined as ( Organization of Economic Cooperation of Black Sea countries) contains economic – politically dimensions , in order to install the international peace in the region of the Black Sea and Caucasus whose necessary to secure energy supplies to Europe, according to Turks visions, it might be given weight internationally for Turkey in global stability, which helps to give additional impetus to Turkey on its way to join the European Union.
Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 360-417
Iraq and Turkey often connected with mutual and security issues, and the treatments of these issued differed according to the internal conditions of both of them, regional and international positions. The interlocking of international relations as a result of increasing of exchanged interests between different states; that made facing security risks as a necessary matter because of challenges against most of states which imposed by these risks. After the AKP has assumed power in Turkey in late 2002, the principle of cooperation in the Turkish security and political view on the range of the region including Iraq became not only a mere opportunity but a necessary step to guarantee a fruitful and peaceful future in the region. Also, Turkey realizes that Turkish security is with regional security; since in case if not solving these problems that will affect Turkey directly which lead to doubled impacts on Turkey, therefore, for its security safety and to support neighboring states, Turkey adopted an excellent attitude and successful policy toward Iraq after American invasion in April 2003.