ISSN: 1813-4610

Volume 7, Issue 24

Volume 7, Issue 24, Autumn 2011, Page 9-363


Regional Studies Center,s Participations ln writing the History and Heritage of Turkomanstan

Alaff; Ibrahim KhaliL Al

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 9-18

Since its foundation on August, 24,1985, Regional Studies Center (Turkish previously) at Mosul University had been deeply interested in studying Islamic Republics of Central Asia, its Culture, attitudes from international affairs its internal developments and foreign policy. The book entitled,"Republics of Central Asia and Caucasus, Historical Roots and Regional Relations" issued by the Center in 1993 Was one of the most Significant books in the field.
The Republics of Central Asia have been emerged after the dissolution of USSR, among of which is Turkomanstan in the beginning of 1990’s, a number of professors and researchers like prof.Dr. Ibrahim KhaliL Al – Alaff, prof. Dr. KhaliL Ali Murad, prof. Dr. Adbul-Jabar Abed Mustafa, prof. Dr. Sayar Kawkab Al- Jameel, prof. Dr. Adbul- Munam Rashad, prof Dr. Shafik Abdul- Razak Al-Samraee, Dr. Salah Al-Din Amain Taha, Dr. Nabeel Mohammed Saleem, Prof. Dr. Aoni Alssabawi and Dr. Talal Younis Al- Jalelee to compose this book. Regional Studies Center had adopted the publication of this book. It contains the historical geography of these republics and the adminstrstion of both Arabs and Moslems to these regions during middle Ages as well as the relation between Arabs and Turks, the Turkish- Iranian struggle, the Armenian Question, the independent republics and the dimension of the regional changes.
Iraqi researchers who participated in this book and most of them worked at Mosul and Baghdad universities. Turkomanstan is an area in which Moslems adhere to Islam and their Soviet domain keeping their values inspite of many difficulties. The Turkoman community stayed organized in groups and kept to certain extent the independence in opinion and freedom the Soviet anthorities couldn't be able to make any change it did in other places. The Turkoman community was able to keep the national identity and deserved respect.
This book was the prime of so many studies and papers in this field and the writer of these lines is happy to inform the participants of the conference that he had shared in this book and supervised M.A thesis submitted to the council of college of Arts, University of Mosul in 2000 entitled "Turkey and Islamic Republics of Central Asia 1923-1993".

The Position of Scientific Research Sector in the Arab Homeland and Promoting Requirements to improve the Economic Performance with indicating to the Case of Algeria.

Mohammad Zeidan

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 21-48

Nowadays, most of the countries throughout the world give great
importance to the scientific research as one of the fundamental pillars
for the development of their economies, especially at the present time
where competition is becoming very strong in the different areas.
As a result these countries sought to update the various academic
programs and curricula on the basis of seeking the scientific
developments by making available all the financial means, mand human potential in the belief that scientific research is the basis
for progress and prosperity of any country.
Some developing countries have realized in the recent decades that
the contribution of the scientific research in the economic growth
under different dimensions achieving impressive results in this area,
Malaysia was one of those countries, the Arab countries including
Algeria has tried in recent years, the renew and reform of higher
education and scientific research through several reforms dealing
especially with the organizational and structural aspects, but so far
they have not reached the level of developed countries.

Discussion around the Civilization Conflict and parallel to the Krishaam Law in Economics that there is a reality globalization / Theoretical study

Faried Ismail Al-Sefou

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 49-78

The current research is depend on the idea that there is an
economic, political, educational and ideological conflict, like the
civilization conflict that means globalization which also means (lonely
and unconstancy) that converse to wide world which means
comfortable and business changing. so as are searcher I can connect
between the idea of krishaam law in Economic with the idea of
American civilization which regarded as a bad coin that impeads the
good coin like the original Islamic civilizations from the universal
dictionary and called them as a terrorism. At last I give some findings
and suggestion that deals with this problem which have an Economic,
political, educational and ideological dimentions.
†¹ †¹

PKK Problem and its Implications on Turkish-U.S Relations

Luqman O. Mahmood Alnuaimy

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 79-113

The research deals with the development of PKK problem in Turkey and its implications on Turkish-U.S relations during the years of ruling Justice and Development party (AKP), especially after the U.S occupation of Iraq in 2003, as the United States became a close to the consequences of this problem by virtue of its military occupation of Iraq, and control it, and launching attacks of this party in Turkey from camps in northern Iraq, and thus become more interested than before in dealing with this problem and to cooperate with Turkey in this area.

Turkish Proposal for Providing Libya with Manavgats' Water

Rayan Thanoon AL-Abbasy

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 115-138

Turkey is trying to establish the principle of selling water to
some countries that in need of water in the Middle East region
through completing water foundations on the river of Manavgat in
Antalya on the Mediterranean for selling water to countries such
Greek Islands, Palestine, Egypt , and finally Libya which agreed on
the project for providing it by (3-4) water tanker to transport it to
Libyan city of Tobruk, and then to reservoirs which is considered
as a unique experience .

Economic Intelligence Applications In Electronic Commerce In Frame of Knowledge- Based Economy

Abdullah fadhil Al- Hayali

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 139-176

Economic Intelligence has become a new source for economic
units in getting competitive advantage and achieving profit through
functioning technologies to get the accurate information with high
quality value and reliability. Treatment and diffusion of information
in order to reduce uncertainty in the process of making strategic
decisions.
One of the most significant fields in applying economic
intelligence is the field of electronic commerce for the marketspace
are considered a source for value added and a fertile place in getting
information and using these information in rational way.
Also knowing the type of competitors, the essence of new digital
and physical services and products that can be marketing, and
searching for new investments, knowing the sort of present and
propable customers, their needs and wants, knowing more profitable
services and products. Also the competent planning of advertising
campaigns in order to increase the opportunities of promotion the
sales and providing new channels of sales, supplying services and
products, improving and distributing them, and decreasing cycle
time in reaching these products & services to the consumers.
In other words, the economic intelligence applications in the field
of electronic commerce is considered a fertile field to achieve morerevenues in the light of knowledge –based economy, which is
considered the most expanded, competitive and profitale economy

Iraqi-Turkish Relations, The Historical Depth and Mechanisms of Persistence

Hamid M. Al Suwaidani

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 177-207

Abstract
Iraq-Turkish relations are considered as deeper and more
distinctive than other Turkish relations with Arab countries and that is
because of the geographical location and the economic cultural
strategic considerations. In the current study a light was shed on the on
the following pivots; the first one talked about the positive historical
depth of the Iraqi- Turkish relations, while the second one talked
about the factors of strength and success of these relations in
accordance with considerations of geographical neighboring, strategic
considerations, mutual religious historical ties addition to the ethnic
overlap, the cultural inheritance , and the economic factor, The third
pivot talked put forth a mechanism for the sake of building permanent
and parallel relations through the following points :
1. The problem of waters.
2. The relation with Isreal .
3. Non interference in internal affairs

U.S.A. Attitude From Nuclear program of Iran 2002-2010

Mithaq Khyrallah Jalud

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 209-253

The crisis of nuclear program of Iran represented the most
significant circle in American-Iranian relations during the past
decade. Since transforming the nuclear program to Security Council
on February 2006, the American side had become a direct party in
negotiations Known (5+1) i.e. permanent members of Security
Council with Germany.The American changed their strategy towards that program.
When they were seeing that Iran should not gain nuclear technology,
they started declaring the possibility of Iran's gaining that technology
on the condition that it should not use it for military use, has become
a firm U.S. position toward the Iranian nuclear program, Regardless
of the U.S. president was a Republican or Democrat

. Policies of food security in selected developing countries

Amina abdul-ilah; Aswan Abdul-Kadir

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 255-271

Abstract
It has became the climate polices of food security implications of
the changing on the size and stability of world food markets and thelikely level of prices prevailing view "because developed countries
usually offer subsidies to their agricultural sectors while imposing
developing countries taxes in most cases, therefore, the impact of
Reform policies on the global markets are almost non- effective. has
resulted in policies related to dignifying stability on the overall
economy in many developing countries to a severe increase in food
prices due to correct the exchange rates and reduce subsidies for
food and clear from the analysis of high relative importance of
foreign aid and reserves inventories and government taxes that they
were the same impact significant positive balances in the value of
commodity grains. so must re-examine the policies supported by the
International Monetary Fund should be the rationalization of public
finances and improve the financial policies and the transfer of tax
breaks to a flat tax appropriate to the type of foreign investment with
the economic gains achieved by

Trade of oil and impact in the Arabic Gulf pollution

Abdel Nasser Ibrahim Sobhi

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 273-299

Abstract
Area is Arabic Gulf of the most important centers for the
production of oil and stocks strategic global, making it one of the
most polluted areas in the world, as the cause of this pollution raised
the toll in human and animal, and I have been addressing this
pollution by using several techniques, as well as legislation of laws
to reduce pollution but that the factors contaminated, most notably
water leakage through the balance will lead to the outbreak of
serious risks, especially with the presence of more than 57% of the
world's proven oil reserves in the countries of the Arabic Gulf.†¹
†¹

Trends in the evolution of Turkish foreign trade and its impact on economic growth for the period (1990 - 2009)

Samer Hanna Behnam

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 301-340

Foreign trade is the base engine for economic growth for countries
in the world, whether developed or developing, it has expanded
among those countries, especially ‡مafter the emergence of economic
blocs and the World Trade Organization, where you can not be
isolated from each other in two essential aspects: first, export the
surplus production of capital goods, intermediate and primary and
consumer goods to other countries, and import of capital goods and
intermediate to contribute to the economic growth of the Section of
them, as well as ‡مthe importation of consumer goods for the needs of
the growing domestic demand, including especially the developing
countries, as the research aims to identify trends in the evolution of
Turkish foreign trade and economic growth during the period (1990 -
2009), based on the research hypothesis that there is evolution in the
foreign trade total Turkish as well as ‡مon the evolution of components
of the Commodity Structure of Foreign Trade of Turkey as a structure
exports, particularly manufactured goods and the structure of imports
particularly of capital goods and agricultural and industrial, has been
the adoption of the method of analysis of descriptive and quantitative
through the collection and tabulation of data and information on
Turkish foreign trade by relying on official sources.

The Sustainable Human Development and the Rational Governance

Regional Studies, Volume 7, Issue 24, Pages 341-363

The economic development concept passed in many developments
and the capitalism economic development ideology was concerned in
how to generate the increasing of national income. After that anotherconcept appeared which is the basic needs concept, but the application
of this concept requires high economic cost under the pressure of
population growth in the developing countries, add to that the
increasing pressure by international institutions on these countries to
apply the economic reforms policy and structural adjustment which
led to reduce the public expenditure that increased the difficulty of
application of the basic needs concept, the matter which led to find a
new concept for development interested in economic resources and
preserving the environment.
The attainment of this kind of economic development requires
many things that concern the state role that is named "The sustainable
human development concept and rational governance" which include
the prevalence of democracy, law governance and the people
contribution in making decisions which concerns their life. The last
concept included all that because it contains a number of constituents
such as equity, productivity, sustainability, and contribution and these
are basic constituents for sustainable development.
This study aims to explain the implication of this concept and to
know its ability to meet the needs of the developing countries. This
concept springs from a hypothesis saying "that the sustainable human
development might not help to achieve the goals of developing
countries unless it was part of comprehensive strategy".
The result which reached through this study came to be consistent
with the researcher's hypothesis. †¹