Volume 7, Issue 23, Summer 2011, Page 9-406
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 9-38
In issues No. (13, 14) of “Arab History Magazine for Ottomani
Studies” which is issued by AL-Timemy institute for studies and
researches in Tunisia, there is a study under the title : the situation of
Ottomani studies in Iraq during the past thirtieth, (1996),”I
mentioned in it that past years witnessed a notable interest with
Ottomani studies not only in Iraq, but in the whole Arab Homeland
because of the great significance of “ the Ottomani reign “, which
extended from the first half of the 16th century until the beginning of
the 20th century; regarding political, economic, social, and
psychological formation of the contemporary Arab society.
Take care of Ottomani reign took the form of making various
researches and studies, issuing scientific magazines and periodicals,
beside establishing think-tanks that attend to modern Arab history
since the beginning of the Ottomani expansion in 1516 until the last
days of World War I in 1918.
As a supplement to this study I submit here a review for the status
of Turkish studies in Iraq, where I am saying that looking after
Turkish affaires connected with the formation of modern Iraqi state
in 1921 and modern Turkish state in 1923. There were two factors
behined paying attention to Turkish studies : first ; is related to
Turkish claims in Mosul province and issuing the resolution of
League of Nations in 1925 coming to a point that Mosul province is
inseparable part of Iraqi state. Second; the willing to know the
Turkish experience led by Mustafa Ataturk (1919-1938) in building
and developing Turkey.
As a consequence of Iraqi – Turkish relations development, and
concluding a treaty of friendship between the two countries in 1947,
Shakir Sabir AL-Thabit who, is a non – professional historians and
ex-military man, wrote his book” Friendship History between Iraq
and Turkey” which was printed in Baghdad. Since 1947 and until
writing these lines, Iraqi researches – in all specialties – continue
looking after the north neighbor : Turkey; as a desire to establish
developed relations and to contribute to solve the problems that
block the course of relations movement, Iraqi researchers find that
there are many ties which connect both Iraqi – Turkish peoples as
religion, neighborhood, mutual history, and exchanged interests.
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 39-82
The Region of Caucasia is considered one of the most important
regions economically, politically geographically and strategically.
It takes the interest of So many states in the world both the near
and the for Thus, it be came an area of competition and economic
and political struggle among these states. this paper com to
concentrate on the role of Turkey and its policy towards the
Caucasian region being one of the parties in this competition and
near by Armenia, Georgia, Azirbycan. These states will be the axis
of Turkish policy towards this region.
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 83-116
The research tries to show the range of Iraq's need to access WTO
and its entrance by conditions of accession will contribute in
achieving goals of Economic Development. In view of the probable
and negative effects on agricultural and industrial sectors resulted
from the accession of Iraq to world Trade Organization. The Iraqi
negotiator has to depend on the graduation of declining the custom
tariffs that imposed on imports and to gain more time with
cancelling constraints on trade of commodities and some forms of
support, guided to prefer local commodities with similar imported
products. The paper comes out with the result that Iraq should not
speed in this action even if the period would last ten or fifteen years
until the suitable & fertile environment would be prepared and the
rebuilding of Iraqi economy, providing bases of modern agriculture,
industry and Services, following up world developments and getting
high Competitive advantage.
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 117-164
This study talks two parts. First: The politic relations between
Libya and turkey during the years 1990-1999. The dual relationships
were affected because of the events that took place in the Middle
East zone which left a distinct effect on relations between the two
countries like Arab-Turkish relations, (PPK) case and second Gulf
The second parts: tackled the economic relations between the two
countries. It dealt with the mass of commercial exchange between
the two countries and the Turkish companies which work in Libya .
and their works and values and also dealt with the effective factors
on economic relations specially the political relations.
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 207-241
U.S. Strategy towards Arab Maghreb States can't be separated
from the relations between these states and the international powers
aiming to reinforce their influence in this region. The difference is
clear in the domain of the ideological type in U.S. dealing with the
existed political systems in Arab Maghreb States and enlarging
economic interests after the Cold War, Economic competition
appeared between U.S. and E.U. but the U.S. ambition in the area
is not moving by economic aims but the means is to join these
policies with the axis of U.S. national security. This means that oil,
security and military expansion especially after September, 11,
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 243-264
The aim of research is to know the corruption as a concept,
consequences, and measurement. Then study this subject in Iraq and
it's border countries (Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, turkey, Iran, and
Kuwait)) in period 2003-2009 through using corruption indicator from
world bank and control of corruption index from internationaltransparency organization, the result of research Iraq is occupied last
position in this indicators and Iran, and Jordan was the first and
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 265-326
The process of preparing military deployment plans is considered
one of the most important elements in US strategic planning through
out the history of USA. The importance of this process after the end
of cold war and the absence of real and clear threat of US National
Security, the US Strategy in 1990's concentrated on building a new
international system and the domain of USA. After 2000, military
strategy during the era of President Bush had depended on the
doctrine of (Precautionary War) which included the change from
preventing actual attack to wars and preventive attacks to stop
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 327-350
Witnessing the increasing of the activities of the PKK since 1984,
the Turkish- Iranian relations have witnessed security cooperation
represented by signing many security agreements dedicatedfor
fighting the PKK and the Iranian organization of Mujahidee Khalq.
The most significant development in these agreements is the deal
reached in 2004 through the Turkish – Iranian coordination in their
military operations against the organizations resisting Turkey-Iran
whether inside or outside their lands.
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 351-386
Most of developed countries put within its strategies the depending
on think-tanks to draw its international relations and Israel is
following this course and care for it to study the state of affaires andrecent developments in Arab and international world to be within the
range of vision of Israel incessantly. the call, in Israel, increased
recently to provide think-tanks, intelligence foundations and
academies with Jewish orient lists and researchers supposing that
there are challenges against the Hebrew state to get more information
on Arab world and to encourage researchers to participate in scientific
activities and international conferences.
They are described of the most developed, existing and effective in
Israeli life and There are more than one center in every Israeli
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 387-399
It should be necessary for any researcher to give some information (notification) about sufix in Turkish language.
Suffixes: aer syllables without meaning and couldn’t used be alone, but if they are concatenated with the root words, then they sould have meaning and function.
Suffixes are divided due to their function into two categories:
A: Derivative Suffixes.
B: Conjugate Suffixes.
What concerns me in this research is derivative Suffixes, which chang the meaning and the origin of the word, when they are added (concatenated) to the roots of the words.
There are four kinds of derivatives Suffixes which they are:
1) Suffixes which change the word as a noun into another noun.
2) Suffixes which change the word as a noun into a verb.
3) Suffixes which change the word as a verb into a noun.
4) Suffixes which change the word as a verb into a verb.
Volume 7, Issue 23, Pages 401-406
The paper treats with Iran's concentration mostly on Tajikistan and that Iran tried to establish new relationship based on cultural and linguistic affinity. Also, Iran expanded its economic clout in Tajikistan through investments in industry and energy sectors especially cement and hydropower projects beside, other various fields like mining and minerals, and trade …etc. Flourishing economic ties with Dushanbe look to expand Tehran's political and strategic position in Tajikistan and the Central Asian region while it faces increasing international pressure over its nuclear program.