ردمد المطبوع (Print ISSN): 1813-4610

ردمد الإلكترونيّ (Online ISSN): 2664-2948

Volume 6, Issue 20

Volume 6, Issue 20, Autumn 2010, Page 9-344

Iraq’s Unity and Stability in a changing World

Alaff; Ibrahim Khalil Al

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 9-21

The new idea of dividing Iraq is not new but old, connected in a
way or another with the economic a mbitions of the west and the
security of Israel. Those who adopted this idea coudnot perfom it
actually not becamse they unable only but because that Iraq is
opposed the idea of dividing Iraq as country and ground and People
that undividable. Its People and ground are united based on
geographic and historical facts.

Convergence Plan 2007: Map delineation of thepermanent borders of Israel

Mohamed Gamal El Din Al Alawi

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 23-52

The American "Road Map" project includes a permanent
settlement for the Palestinian – Israeli conflict establishing a
Palestinian state that lives beside Israel within safe borders. However
the Israeli politicians escape committing to the project of permanent
settlement heading to a temporary settlement for the conflict; starting
from Ariel Sharon's disengagement plan from Gaza and ending in
the new separation plan, called the assembly plan, which was
declared by Ehud Olmert, the Israeli prime minister. This plan
includes a unilateral withdrawal from some of the Israeli settlements
in the West Bank aiming at demarcating permanent borders for
Israel. The plan has got American guarantees.
Despite eliminating and ignoring the Palestinian side from the
plan, the former will be able to enforce itself, even on the Israeli
stand whatever it is, if it knows how to unify, form and crystallize its
efforts in regaining its right in Palestine.

Social development in Iraq

Rawa Zeki Younis yihyia ALtawel

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 35-86

This is reflected on Iraq as one of the developing countries, the
absence of social development in Iraq is one of the highlights of Iraq,
despite the fact that Iraq possessed of wealth of which qualify it to
achieve economic development, resulting in nutshell development
and development at the social level, and perhaps the most striking
features of the absence of social development in Iraq, the low level
of education, poor health of Iraqi citizens as well as a significant
shortfall in the number of adequate housing and other basic
necessities of life so that Iraqi citizens suffered greatly from the most
basic necessities of life, and that Iraq is on the verge of significant
change in the political and economic conditions it is the key
priorities that must be taken care of by any coming Iraqi government
is working towards the development of a genuine social re-balance
to the lives of the Iraqi citizen

Financial Reflections of External debts A Case-study for selected Developing countries (1990-2008)

Hashim Mohammed Al-Argoob

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 87-123

The problem of financial decrease and the disability to manage
financial incomes needed to finance the general burdens in spite of
following monetary policies and the expanded credits lead to
privatization and this make the country fall in external indebtness,
These debts consume great ratios of the budgets of the indebted
countries especially the rang of external indebtness which is equal
the double of G.D.P. in some developing countries and the Arabs in
particular. Therefore, these countries third to practice the programs
of economic reform, which resulted in desired financial effects in
diminishing the levels of external indebtedness for the period after

Turkish-British Relations 1923-1938

Hanna Azzo Behnan

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 125-142

Turkish-British relations since the republic in 1923 till 1928 was
characterized by stagnation where the problem of Mosul in 1926
had discovered the elements enmity between them .
In 1929, the beginning of diplomatic rapproachment between
both states was clear and these relations improved since mid of
1930 is due to the British position supporting the issue of Turkish
straits when Turkey demanded to hold an international conference
to review the articles within the treaty of Lozan in1923.
The British role supporting Turkey in Montreux conference in
1936 had got great effect for Turkey to have a complete control
upon the straits within that treaty on July ,20 of that year.
After this, the relations had witnessed an obvious development
on both political And economic levels.

Knowledge Economy Determinants in GCC Countries

Abdullah Fadhil Al-Hayali

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 143-175

The deep and speed changes witnessed by knowledge society in the
21th century prove that the predominating economy will be knowledge
economy. Governments must possess efficient Institution systems,
active economic incentives. good governance. as well as systems of
education. innovation and information & communications to motivate
creative entrepreneurship. The applied econometrics analysis results
proved that economic incentives system. technology of information and
communications determine about (%99) of changes in knowledge
economy index of GCCS in 2009. These states must crystallize
economic and scientific awareness to comprehend and stabilize
technology of information and communications. concluding policies
that come from fact by technical self-sufficiency to stabilize technology
instead of importing and using economic feasibility standards without
stopping at the last chain of technology which is consumption deemed
by economic logic as of no use financial wasting

Reform and Chang In Turkey:An Economic View

Muthana Al-Dabbagh

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 176-189

Turkey economy has witnessed since the establishment of the
Republic in 1923, So many economic crises and they were about
thirteen crises till now. Turkey followed many reforms within
different economic policies by the nature of the economic problem,
its kind and power.
The study says that Turkey was able to adapt its economy with
in economic reforms made through past year to reach a developing
state in spite of its limited resources.
Through the study, it is clear that Turkey is a developing state
follows the system of free market and affected by internal and
international crises. The crisis of 2001was the strongest in the
modern history of Turkey and it had a great impact upon Turkish
economy. Turkish economy was able to heal itself after two years
and achieve a growth in GDP and reforming the general budget and
reducing rates of unemployment and inflation, raising the share of
per capita and increasing foreign investments and this cannot be
achieved without a suitable economic environment.

Imam-Hatip Schools In Turkey1951 – 1994

Afrah Nathir Jassim

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 191-206

Religious schools are one of the features of Is lamic movements
in Turkey that provid it with Islam society. These schools ic
educated cadres that could get powerful seats in the stat and have
been established in 1913 but did not get the demaud interest, thus it
have been united with the schools of preachers and named guidance
schools until it have been cancelled in 1924 after the establishment
of Turkish republic, and then appeared again in the same year
under the name of Imam– Hatip schools which witnessed important
developments during the last century, the study is a try know these
schools and the stages of development.

The Social Changes for women in Arabian GulfA historical study

Hashim Abdulrzaq Saleh

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 207-244

This research deals with the social conditions of the women in
the Arabian gulf before the petroleum discovery and after math
,her suffering of the difficult social and economic circumstances in
an absolute man's society in all fields. and the potenital future
owing to the tremdendous economic and social changes during the
petrouilum era, and its reflection on the education, works and social

Military Abfliies of Saudi Arabia

Mithak Khyrallah Jalud

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 245-280

Saudi Arabia was able to Surpass important obstacles and got use of
its good relations with the advanced start as to got advanced weapons, in
addition to start the military industry during the last ten years. The year
1926 is considered the first beginning of armed forces in Saudi Arabia
after the periods of depending upon combatants of horn principle used by
king Abdul-Aziz bin Saud since he was controlling Al-Rayadh getting it
back from Al-Rasheed in 1902. After that, interest was directed to wards
building a modern army but this did not complete till mid of 1970s and
the following years due to improving the economic in Saudi Arabia . The
kingdom benefited from its good relations with the western states
especially united states with its troops on the Saudi lands. In spite of the
shortage in arms contracts, but this did not prevent the kingdom from
getting modern weapons especially F.15 planes and the British

Saudi-Russian Relation After September 11 the Incidents 2001.

Bashar Fathi Jassim Al-okaydi

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 281-300

September11th in cidents 2001 affected the relation between
Saudi Arabia and united state negatively after the accusation of
U.S.A. to Saudi Arabia in supporting those who executed these
events. most of them were holding the Saudi nationality. In the
light of this, the relation was stressed between U.S. and Saudi.
Thus، Saudi tried to look for a new partner and found Russia
Suitable for that partner. Therefore, the relation between Saudi and
Russia began to develop gradually although there were no any
exchange or political cooperation between both states. The from of
that relation began to expand including diplomatic representation,
economic and oil agreements and other fields. the relation between
both state reached its climax when the Russian president fladimair
Butin made an official visit to Saudi Arabia in February 2007 and
this visit represented political reproachment.

The Legitimacy of Private Security Companies Working in Iraq

Shahlaa kamal

Regional Studies Journal, 2010, السنة 7, العدد 20, الصفحة 301-321

This research tackles the phenomenon of private security companies
which are constituting a phenomenon on the international arena. They
exceeded in their work the job entitled to do, turning to perform high
quality military operations. These companies work in the so called gray
zone, as they work without any legal cover and without being subject to
any laws, whether internal or international particularly in Iraq. These
companies emerged often the American occupation to Iraq in 2003, they
have immunity against the Iraqi law after being authorized by the
occupation authority.The research also tackles the role of the red cross
and its endeavors in subjecting these companies to the humanitarian
international law. It also tackles the role of the American congress in
issuing a law that subjects these companies to the military laws of the