ISSN: 1813-4610

Volume 4, Issue 12

Volume 4, Issue 12, Autumn 2008, Page 5-337

Some Possible Hydro-Economic Effects of Ilisu Dam Project Within the Overall Effects of Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP)

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 30-54

Economically, the Ilisu dam project, together with the other
components of GAP, is a logical response to population growth which
the Republic of Turkey witnessed over the period 1950-2006, and
witnessing now (2008), as well as the developmental efforts
undertaken by the Turkish government to enable the economy to
absorb the growing labour force, and to reduce income and living
inequality within the GAP region and between this region and the
other regions of the Turkish economy. This necessitated, among
other things, the expansion of agricultural productive capacity, thus
actual agricultural production, not only to feed the rapidly increasing
population as well as supplying the other sectors with agricultural
inputs, but to avoid the possible worsening of the problem of priceinflation
and current account deficit in Turkey. The growing
population base, and the associated developmental efforts conducted
by the Turkish government in the recent past, at present, and in the
foreseeable future all are associated with a given average annual flow
of the Euphrates–Tigris rivers (within Turkey) of no more than 55
billion cubic meter. Based on this fact, and other data, the author
argues that - in the absence of a binding water sharing and water
* Ph.D. in Economics, University of Southampton, U. K.
(12 ) مركز الدراسات الإقليمية دراسات إقليمية 5
management agreement of the Euphrates-Tigris flow between
Turkey and Iraq – if Turkey were to go ahead with the Ilisu dam,
along with the other components of the GAP, the combined average
annual flow of the Euphrates-Tigris rivers would be reduced, at the
Iraqi borders, to some 40% of the 1960-1970 average flow. The main
conclusion of this study is, therefore, as follows: in the absence of the
aforementioned agreement, the construction of Ilisu dam, along with
the other components of GAP, may enable Turkey to achieve a sort
of sustainable agricultural and economic development. However, that
development will very likely be at the expense of agricultural
development in Iraq… One of the victims of such "sustainable
development", in Turkey, will almost certainly be the reconstruction
project of the marshlands of Lower Mesopotamia.
Keywords: Population growth, Agricultural productive capacity, Irrigated land,
Cereal output, Marshlands, Annual rate of flow, Ecosystem, Population
conference, Binding water agreement.

Turkey and the International Monetary Fund(2000-2002)

Rawa Zeki Younis AL-Taweel

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 55-88

What can be said is that the economic crisis in Turkey
started with the beginning of the intervention IMF and the
World Bank in the Turkish economy in 1999 under the title
fight inflation that accompanied the Turkish economy since the
emergence of the modern Turkish state, and during the three
years of this intervention was the entire Turkish economy
under the grip IMF to register worst performance since more
than half of the century, where all the country's resourcesoriented
loans offered by the Fund, means that the United
States has tightened its control over political decision by the
Turkish control of the economy

The Kurdish labour party cause, Its Reflection overThe Iraqi – Turkish Relation 1984 – 2007

Hanna Azzo Behnan

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 89-122

This study is to clarify the bases in which the Kurdish labour
party founded in Turkey in the 1970's of the twentieth century, and
its armed activities during the period from 1984–2007, as a reaction
over the policies imposed by the Turkish governments since the
foundation of the Turkish republic against the armed Kurdish
movements in Turkish modern history especially the period of
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk rule (1923–1938). Furthermore, the
Turkish reaction against the activities of this party and its
reflections over the relations between the two neighbours countries.
Finally, the conclusions in which the researcher has concluded in
order to settle the Kurdish cause in Turkey to enhance the Iraq –
Turkish relations.


Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 123-154

The present research aims at evaluating the health situation in
the Arab Homeland according to the concepts of geopolitics. It
tries to investigate the problems suffered by the Arabic health
security and it’s future exploration through the alternatives
submitted. The main conclusion drawn is that the importance of
castration on sustainable development on regional and national
level should depend on common Arab work to increase economic
and social benefits


Nawfal Kasim Ali Al-Shahwan

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 155-201

The developed and underdevelopment economies being
advanced scientifically and technologically by virtue of pointed
plan and scientifically headquartered and officially within
strategy of every country. In situation of this direction hereby
the responsibility of fulfilled scientific and technical catchingup
for any economy faced by huge tasks, in front of all: the
good encirclement in possibilities of success of this type of
planning, the needed possibilities for it, and the methodology of
technological planning.
This study aims to “determine and analysis possibilities and
blocking restrictions of Science and technology (S&T)
planning, the important core in knowledge-based economic
development in developing countries and the obstacles which
limiting the formation of operations in developing the
economy”. The hypothesis is “that the operation of right
scientific flag of (S&T) plan in the development economic be
specified by three main dimensions, which are: The need, the
تخطيط العلم والتكنولوجيا في التنمية الاقتصادية د. نوفل قاسم الشهوان
possibilities, and surpassing of the difficulties. These so called
determinants are limited by: Interior factors, external factors,
and Geo-interior - external factors”. These so many factors are
detailed at the conclusion of the study.
The paper found that there my be a need for planning the
two types of technology: The more-static and more-dynamic
plan, and that the planning limits on the official sectors. This
need follow from the need for choice and change technology in
all official, unofficial, and semi-official sectors, according to the
development stage which the country passes.

The Project of Ilisu Dam:Its Impact upon Iraqi Economy

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 202-222

The project of Ilisu Dam Which is going to be Constructed
on Tigris South of Turkey, raises an international
Controversial and attitudes were Varied between an advocate
and an opposing for this step. This project will leave dangerous
negative effects not only upon Iraq and Syria but also extend to
include Arab Gulf region too. Technical studies mode in
Kuwait Confirmed that Certain areas north of the Gulf will be
affected by this project as well as the natural systems like the
marshes being a transitional station for Sea fish.
The effects this project Come from immigrating a large
number of people especially the Kurds in South-east of
Anatolia and the drowning hundreds of archaeological Sites in
addition to the pollution of the waters due to the usage of the
chemical fertilizers by the farmers.

Dr. Mohammed A. Younis AL –Obaydee

Mohammed A. Younis AL; Obaydee

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 12, Pages 223-252

The one who follows up the Kuwaiti attitude from the
political changes by which the Iraqi arena is witnessing since
the U.S. occupation to Iraq in 2003, he may find that since the
beginning of the war the great logistic support presented by the
U.S. forces. After the occupation, Kuwait declared its support
to Iraqi governments formed after 2003. Head of these
governments paid visits to Kuwait to reinforce relations as well
as participating in so many meetings and conferences of
neighboring states. These meetings were held to support and
help Iraq to regain security and stability. Iraqi scene had
witnessed an activity of Kuwaiti companies in the fields of
power and communication to flourish the economic relations
of both countries. However ,their relations after 2003 are still
suffering from previous period and the continuous problem
then especially the problems of boarders, debts, and the
Kuwaiti loses in which Kuwait is still refusing to abandon or
even try to reconsider.