Volume 4, Issue 9, Winter 2008, Page 11-303
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 11-22
Peace Agreement signed on October 26, 1994 between Jordan and Israel in Wadi-Araba on their borders was not but a circle in long series of relations which had been established since 1920's. In order to understand these relations, we should go back to its essentials explaining the reasons behind its continuity all over these years. The paper trying to give a view for the development of these relations as well as the consequences and both of official and popular positions.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 23-62
The study mainly focuses on human development in Arab homeland which is suffering from modesty in performance in comparison with other developed and developing states, structural and spatial contrast among them in particular when dealing with human development through human well being of Arab people as beneficiaries of development as being participants.
The study deals with three main points:
1. Human development in Arab homeland in the light of quantitative measures of development trends and guide.
2. Sources of economic wealth and performance
3. Reality problem and future prediction (results from strength analysis perspective) and available choices.
The study concludes that the expected perspective of the Arab homeland could be more optimistic especially when this region will face what is called nations progress.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 63-91
Mosul province during Hamidi era (1876 – 1909) has got a great importance by the Great Powers in Europe as Britain, Germany, France and Russia as well as U.S.A. This importance is related to so many characteristics of Mosul province and at the front is its agricultural and animal wealth. This made Mosul to be an important source for these States to meet its heads from agricultural crops.
Also, Mosul province has a strategic location being a route for trade joining Persia and China from one side and Anadolia and Syria from another. Mosul province has included many ancient archeological ruins and become a theatre for many activity of excavations and that has increased the international interests of Mosul to include missionaries for both Britain and France. Some Great Powers tried to set up diplomatic ties with Mosul province in order to protect and enlarge their interests.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 92-110
The Policy of agricultural technology is one of the agricultural economic Policies related to the strategy of agricultural development. In Turkey, agricultural and economic resources are used cleverly, Land reform and rising the productivity in agricultural work and enlarging workforce training, the increase in efficiency in using the Land, water. In short, agricultural technology is the basis to increase the agricultural Production.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 111-130
This Study deals with the Turkish femal personality which took part in Turkish political life since early of 1990's and got the post of prime minister for the first time of the contemporary history of Turkey by her professional and partial qualifications. Then there is her attitude towards the internal problems of Turkey since several decades especially the economic crisis. She put solutions for this problem and saved the Turkish economy and the dependence of foreign loans. Ciller succeeded in solving this crisis as being a specialized expert in economics other problemes faced Ciller's government was the Kurdish issue by which Turkey is suffering since its establishment till nowadays. This study shows how Ciller has delt with this chronic problem.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 131-156
This study aims to confirming the importance of more of resource efficiency, social sufficiency, and good environment for sustainable development referring to the some comparative experiments of Iraq and neighbors.
Economic literatures on development experiments at both developed and developing show that achieving the balance between the mentioned things is a very complicated and important matter at the time. Always there is a shake of the two pans and it is impossible for the balance to continue together, i.e. one by one while the other being on an opposite direction. The result development losing it's sustainability conditions coinciding with the conditions change.
Success of economic policies depends on essential bases, may the environment is the most important one in making use of abounded resources for economic development. The success of using resources in turn depends on two things. The first is success of economic efficiency; the second is achieving social adequacy, so called social sufficiency.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 157-181
Political system in Iran is characterized by its religious . It depends upon the principle of the Islamic government based on the concept theory of (Wellayat Al-Fakih) as a basis for the reign . Political system of Iran is also characterized by centralization as well as its complicated and compound nature which differs from so many political systems in the world .According to its structure, constitutional institutions forming this system lie within the three powers ( legislative , judicial and executive ) as well as independent institutions.
These institutions share in addition to religious and political societies and revolutionary ones and Al-Bazaar, in making the political decision. Constitution of Iran has defined the structure and Competence of these institutions and limited its functions. These competences might differ and cases arose can be solved by the superior. Guide of Islamic Revolution as being the high authority in politics and religion inside the political system of Iran.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 182-200
Since the later of 19 century, The Turkish diplomacy is facing unnatural Position dealing with foreign relations represented by the ambitions Armenians to rebirth. Many of European states come together with. this question for many reasons and transformed to be pressing problem on the way for Turkey tries to join the E.U. This study deal with the nature of French situation about this problem and its reflections upon Turkish–France Relations
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 201-216
The Europeans had tried to get use of United Nations plan to solve the Cyprus question in away to prepare the unification of the island since 1974 But the Greek Cypriots lost that chance. While the E.U. obligated itself with the promise given to unify the island by the date May 2004. The E.U. did not obligate it self to find out any solution for the issue.
The E.U. made Turkey responsible for any obstacle facing the issue. Therefore, Europeans were facing a reality representing a divide state in their union. Will the Europeans pressure succeed upon Turkey in unifying the last divided capitals inside Europe?
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 217-230
Water Problem was and still one the main reasons of tension among states which have join water resources. Waters being the artery of life, then so many conflicts have risen among them to get the largest quantity of water.
Middle East region Arab Homeland in particular have witnessed a conflict between Arab countries and Israel about water. Israel has on putting the article of water in any negotiations made with the Arabs. The Purpose of this to ensure water for her and to convince Arab regimes to leave their Political considerations for their economic accounts. Thus, Water has become a basis for Israel to be a part of Middle East and to integrate with the Arab environment.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 231-247
U.S. military existence all over the world has become an actual fact especially in the Arab Gulf region. Al- Dhahran air base is considered one of the eldest U.S. bases in the region. But the American existence took new forms after 1962 after it had left it officially. Its existence has become an issue of maneuvering, training and cooperation with Saudi Arabia.
This base has played a significant role in all crises and wars occurred in the area since the second world war till the three Gulf wars. This base was within U.S. strategy and an active part in U.S. tactics in Arab Gulf.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 248-263
The basic dimensions and main limitations in Russian Strategy during the reign of president Fladermair Butin towards states of Gulf Cooperation Council are rearrested by both Security element and economic element. Russia Sees that challenges represented by Islamic groups may threaten its Security. Thus، the issue of chines is emerged and the existence of 20 million Muslims living inside Russia Therefore، Russia tries to establish relations with Gulf states especially Saudi Arabia which has a big influence upon these groups.
Russia tries to attract investments from these States making an organized dialogue concerning energy and oil prices and trying to activate its relations with Gulf States in all fields in order to achieve its goals in the Arab Gulf Area.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 264-292
One of the most important and vital issues written in 'Al-Siyasa Al– Duwalia' Journal is the topic of (Israeli) activity and penetration in Africa which has been related more or less with the Arab – Israeli struggle since the foundation of (Israel) in 1948 amid a nation refusing its existence. This has made (Israel) looking for a new vital aspect after a relative failure in making relations in Asia because there states having political and economic capabilities in the continent like china and India. In addition to states of Moslem majority supported Arab attitudes like Pakistan, Afghanistan and states of central Asia.
Thus, (Israel) made its efforts to penetrate its activity in Africa and consequently achieving two aims: The first is to get rid of Arab boycott by making strong ties with African states in fighting against Arab states. The second is to advocate (Israel)' s economy in the continent by enlarging markets of (Israeli) products. Finally, (Israel) tries to achieve its basic goals: Existence, Security and International influence.
Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 293-303
Turkish literature is considered one of the most significant arts in the world. This art has its impact during all ages, Organizations age is the most important ones in the history of Turkish literature and it has been affected by the western literature due to political, culturd and trade relations. In this age, poets and writers began tobe a way from the concepts of honour and to close to western concepts.
One of those poets was Sulyman Nathief . He was born in Dyarbakir 1870. His father Saed Pasha was a poet and historian. He Speaks Arabic , Persian and French. He has been appointed as wally after the second mashrutyah period Basrah (1909), Castamonu (1910), Trabzon (1911), Mosul (1913), Baghdad (1941). He succeeded in making comparison between Turkish and Persian literature. He left to paris in 1887 practicing his Political activity against Sultan Abdul – Hamid II.