ISSN: 1813-4610

Volume 3, Issue 8

Volume 3, Issue 8, Autumn 2007, Page 9-211

Turkish – Soviet Relations1925 – 1935

Hanna Azzo Behnan

Regional Studies, Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages 9-32

Ottoman – Russian relations since 18th century till the First
World War has been characterized by the stigma of enmity and
tension due to the ambitions of Russian Caesars to go south reaching
the warm waters, but the breakout of the balshafic Revolution in 1917
has opened a new page between Soviet Union, the legal heir for the
Caesar Russia and the Turkish National Movement which dismissed
the occupied forces and established the modern Turkish State upon the
ruins of Ottoman Empire by the military and material helps presented
by U.S.S.R. To that movement. Then, relations between both states
has grown and reached its climax by the treaty of neutrality and Non –
aggression concluded on October 1925. There is also official mutual
visits between both states.
As for the economic aspect, these relations has witnessed a
remarkable development since 1925 whether on trade level or
presenting Soviet loans which helped in establishing so many
factories by which Turkey was in need of them to promote its

Iraqi Issue And Its Reflections UponThe Turkish-American Relations

Luqman Omar Mahmood

Regional Studies, Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages 63-95

Iraqi issue is considered one of the most effective cases in
Turkish-U.S. relations after April, 9, 2003. This effect has been
reflected relatively upon these relations due to the difference in their
points of view with regard to the developments in Iraq especially the
Kurdish issue. Both countries have their own private interests in
giving their attitudes towards events in Iraq. U.S.A has responded to
the demands of Iraqi Kurds with regard to Federation and solving the
problem of Kirkuk as well as giving them an active role in the process
of politics and security. This action troubled Ankara which saw that
U.S support to the Kurds might harm the historical interests of Turkey
and the way to deal with PKK which took form the north of Iraq
military bases.

Big Arab Free Commercial RegionA step For Arab Economic Integration

Miaraj Hawary

Regional Studies, Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages 97-122

Tremendous slowdown of Arab economic integration, indicated
the extent of Arab failure in assisting an economic mass which
dictated by subjective necessities and subjective conditions of
regional integration nowadays since six decades ago. That
slowdown was due to various obstacles.
One decade ago, Arab free Commercial Region (AFCR) HAD
been established as a step on the way of big (AFCR) but actual
procedures assigned many dominant obstacles. The current paper
analyzed different dimensions and steps and suggesting essential
rule for achieving (AFCR).

U. S. S. R. And Projects of Euphrates Basin In SyriaA Historical study In The Light of Iraq's Documents

Rayyan Thanoon AL-Abbassi

Regional Studies, Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages 123-149

Water project in Syria are Considered one of the most great
economic achievement made by the Soviets in the Middle East. These
Works had got apolitical importance more than being economic ones
which made the Soviet government to be in good relations with some
other Arab countries like Egypt, Iraq, Yamen and Algeria in order to
support them financially and technically (Dams, Hydro-electric power
plant stations, Irrigation…etc.).In accordance with agreements,
economic protocols Signed among them which dealt with supporting
economics of those countries. But the slow collapse of the Soviet state
at the end of 1980's had led to a huge gap in Arab-Soviet relations.
These states and among them Syria found that its relations
with the Soviets might create negative results. Therefore, its foreign
policy went to the side of the west while the Soviet influence began to
retreat gradually in the Arab region till 1991. when the world
witnessed the Collapse of U.S.S.R. in to Republics and states, the
most Significance was the Federation of Russia. This state tried
deeply to reinforce its relations again with the Arab states and Syria
was one of them.


Fawaz Mwaffaq Thannoon

Regional Studies, Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages 151-174

The research aims at explaining the nature of political system
in Jordan by showing the gist of the research and there is a sort of
a burse in distributing the three powers: they are executive,
legislative and juridical powers. It is clear through out the paper
that there is on a control and hold for the executive power
upon the legislative one.
This has created a sort of misbalance in the politics between
both powers and upon the structure of the political system
negatively all over the country.

Participations of Iraqi Historians in StudyingBases and Nature of Arab–African Relations

Ibrahim Khalil Al-Alaff

Regional Studies, Volume 3, Issue 8, Pages 187-197

Since the beginning of Post – graduates studies in history of Iraqi Universities early in 1970's , efforts are being made for studies related to bases and nature of Arab – African relations whether during Islamic ages or the modern ones to have its own chance especially after the predecessors supervising post –graduate studies have recognized that there was a sort of ignorance in that types of studies .