ردمد (ISSN): 1813-4610

الكلمات الرئيسة : Iraqi oil


Turkish –Iraqi Oil Relations 1977-2001

Hanna A.Behnan

مجلة دراسات اقلیمیة, السنة 3, العدد 5, الصفحة 22-50

In general, petrol was the main factor in the development of the commercial and economical relation in particular, and solving Mosul problem. To charaeterize the relations by intimacy. The first petrol pipelines were. Constructed in 79s and expanded in 80s of 20th c., from karkouk fields to Turkish ports. That step enchanced Turkish economy throush a chieving economical benefits from the parsing of petrol piplines in its lands and guarantees the petrol it need.
During the Gulf first war, Turkey was the only outlet for Iraq to export its petrol and to import the goods. So, Turkey increased its commercial relations to fulfill its need of raw material. Then Turkish commercial balance recorded incapability (failure) as the result of the increased importing of Iraqi Oil.
The Iraqi natural gas formulated a great importance in the level of International energy scope. As it substituted coal firstly, Turkey's urgent needs secondly, and Iraq having a huge quantities of it; thirdly. Those were the main reasons for Turkey to think to construct gas pipelines from Iraq and to join it with Eastern Eourpe ones. Till this time, the gas transmitting pipelines are unsuccessful.