ردمد (ISSN): 1813-4610

الكلمات الرئيسة : Labor movement in Iraq


History of Labor Movement In Iraq

Ibrahim Khalil Al-ALaff

مجلة دراسات اقلیمیة, السنة 8, العدد 25, الصفحة 9-24

Labor movement in Iraq is related to the developments happened since late of 19th century, with regards to Ottoman reforms and modernization movement both in Ottoman Empire and the Iraqi provinces related to it and how such reforms had its effects on economic, social and political fields in changing the relationship between shykhs of tribes and peasants. What has weakened this relationship is the integration of Iraq’s economy with the capital market and transformed it into market economy. The emergence of oil, expanding rail – roads and military equipments in addition to the rise of Iraqi Labor class in which it had become able in 1929 to organize for itself an Iraqi society for private works. Workers organizations had developed but unfortunately, they were the victom of struggles within the political powers and thus they were far from practicing their professionals and trade unions. This study is following up this topic and wish that Labors in Iraq may take the initiative in developing their organizations.,…