ردمد (ISSN): 1813-4610

الكلمات الرئيسة : European relations


Protests in Turkey in 2013 and Its Impact on Turkish – European Relations

Luqman O. Mahmood Alnuaimy

مجلة دراسات اقلیمیة, السنة 10, العدد 34, الصفحة 33-60

This paper deals with the protests that took place in Turkey in June 2013 following the government's determination to develop the Gezi park near Taksim Square and setting up a business and building a military barracks dating back to the Ottoman era. Initially led the activists in the field of environmental protests and then evolved to include Turkish opposition and widened in many provinces of Turkey. The Turkish government faced these protests and used water cannons and tear gas, prompting a lot of international reactions, particularly in the European Union, which condemned the government's practices against the demonstrations and called for calm and restraint, which ultimately led to strained relations between Turkey and the European Union and postponed accession negotiations six months.