About Journal

Regional Studies:is a scientific,quarterly,academic and refereed journal; issued by Regional Studies Center. The first issue of it was in 2004; it publishes 4 issues yearly; it aims at publishing Studies concerning affairs and relations of Iraq and neighboring states in political, economic,historical , cultural, geographical and law aspects.
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Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  regionalstudies2003@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Assistant Professor Dr. Mohammad A. Yonis Al_Obeydee

ISSN: 1813-4610

Analytical Study for The Most Important Indicators of Arab Economic Integration (2005-2014)

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 9-42

Arab countries seek since the 1940s to achieve Arab economic integration, several agreements have been held to facilitate trade exchange and to create free trade area finally ended with establishing the great Arab free trade area، which had achieved only limited success.
The aim of this research to study and analyses the most important indicators of economic integration, which are represented by the percentage of Arab trade and intra-Arab investments as well as the indicators of the Monetary Union, as these indicators reflect the extent of the development in the area of full economic integration, macroeconomic indicators. In order to achieve the goal of research, the researcher used descriptive analysis method, depending on available data of indicators of the full economic integration. The research concludes some result, the most important which is weakness of intra-Arab trade and intra-Arab investments which are no more than (12%)، (3.4%) respectively. Despite of closeness of some monetary union indicators among Arab nations. But that doesn't mean a matter as there are no advance among Arab nations being achieved in intra-Arab trade and investment fields، considering that free trade area and common market are advanced steps according to Bela Balassa that Arab experience concerning economic integration has been based on .
Keywords : economic integration, monetary union, intra-trade, intra-investment.
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The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Morocco A study of the political relations between the two countries after the Iranian revolution in 1979

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 43-74

The Iranian-Moroccan relations after the Iranian revolution of 1979 were characterized by instability, Due to the repetition of tension and political rupture between the two countries, Relations between the two countries broke off in 1981 and continued for 10 years until 1991, After vigorous diplomatic efforts by both sides, After which the relations will witness a situation of relative stability and cooperation that continued until 2009, To return to the state of tension and then cut ties against the backdrop of a number of accusations filed by Morocco justified it, Relations between the two countries have been cut off for seven years to resume again in late 2016, Its appeal lasted more than a year and a half until Morocco announced on May 1, 2018, that it would sever its political relations once again with Iran, Accusing the latter of interfering in its internal affairs, supporting the Polisario Front and cooperating with Algeria against Morocco.

Levels of Acquisition of Nuclear Weapons Its Motivations

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 75-121

In the ten years since the end of the Second World War, nuclear technology has spread to many parts of the world. Since a peaceful nuclear program can provide the means for a military nuclear program in multiple ways, it is clear that the rapid proliferation of nuclear technology will bring with it the proliferation of capability on the production of nuclear weapons.
Because of the enormous destructive power of these weapons, they contribute to the strengthening of the national security of the occupying power against any external aggression. The possession of such weapons is a deterrent to any state contemplating aggression against a nuclear-weapon state capable of using it to defend itself. That the state possessing nuclear weapons enjoys political power at the level of international relations, which allows it to establish balanced international relations based on mutual respect with other countries, which can be inferred from the differences of the treatment of some major powers such as the United States with the nuclear file of North Korea on the one hand, and the Iranian nuclear program on the other hand, where it depends negotiations with North Korea showing the possession of nuclear weapons while based used threats and intimidation with Iran, which has not found to possess nuclear weapons yet.
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The Impact of Revolution on Constitution and International Relations (The January 25 revolution in Egypt is as a case study)

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 123-168

The success of revolution is not the inevitable result of the abolition of the constitutional document .The popular may lead to the disruption of the existing constitution until the stability of the situation in which the state passes and then it is canceled in order to be in line with the new situation as a result of the revolution . The best evidence of this is the revolution of 25 /January as it had an impact on some of the provisions of the 1971 constitution – especially those related to matters of governance – during the transitional period, which ended with the establishment of a new constitution for the country .
As for the impact of revolution on international relations , it can be said that the nature of bilateral relations between two states is not related to the existing political system , but rather is governed by the existing strategic relations and interests .This is true of the 25/ January revolution , although these relations witnessed a kind of anticipation at the beginning of the revolution , but they returned to normal as reflected in the Egyptian -American bilateral relations , as well as the peace agreement between Egypt and Israel .

Iraq's Attitude Towards the Korean War 1950-1953

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 169-194

The period following World War II witnessed a new and unconventional event which is the Cold War that broke out between the United States and the Soviet Union. One of the aspects of this war was the battle for and control of the areas of influence in the world. The 1950-1953 Korean War was one of the fields of that conflict.
As far as the Korean War is concerned, the research tackles Iraq's attitude toward this war and how it deals with it, specifically through the United Nations Organization, which has undertaken to find solutions to this issue. As is well known, Iraq was in the orbit of British politics, that was in turn following the United States' policy which has emerged as a superpower after the World War II. So Iraq and through its delegation to the United Nations supported all American resolutions condemning the Soviet Union and then the People's Republic of China as they helped North Korea, which created internal opposition to these positions, especially inside Iraqi council of representatives, where part of its deputies opposed this policy and considered it a departure from the Arab ranks.
In addition, Iraq has refrained from sending military troops to South Korea in implementation of the UN Security Council resolution to form a military force to protect South Korea, which the council counted as an aggrieved state under pressure from the United States.
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The Strategy of the United States for The EU Security after The Cold War

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 195-221

The United States contributed after the second World War to the creation of a european security and defense identity under the NATO leadership, as well as the reconstruction of Europe's economy through the Marshall Plan. These American steps have succeeded in curbing the Soviet and thus starting to rebuild Europe in a different way from the ideas of previous period before the World War II, making capitalist Europe as a strategic partner for the United States in the same performance in tackling the changes in the world.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the socialist camp faltered, provoking a European debate over importance of the NATO's continued to European security.
European demands for security independence emerged away from the United States, but the crises like in the Balkans after the Cold War might the European could not cope with it while Americans want Europe to assume greater responsibility if it really wants to be actual partner.

Palestinians Issue Future In View of The New U.S Administration of Barack Obama

Kalida Ibrahim Khalil AL- Hubayti

Regional Studies, Volume 6, Issue 19, Pages 413-431

For the observers of the statement of U.S President Barack Obama, will find that his trend is to encourage the peace process in the middle east, especially the pledges by the ex – president Bush to establish the Palestinian state before the end of 2008, besides the thorny situation in the middle east. Obama will face the most difficult heritage since Nikson's take over in 1968, U.S. is undergoing the most worse economic crisis since the great depression in1929.

Political Developments in Algeria and Problem of Development (1999-2009)

Kifah Abbas Ramadan Al-Hamadani

Regional Studies, Volume 8, Issue 26, Pages 167-192

The future of sustainable development in Algeria is not connected directly with mechanisms and indicators of good governance as much as it is connected first with mentality of ruling elite on one hand, and the extent of understanding of alphabets of opposing partisan work in particular on the other hand, on the base that the attempt of applying the mechanisms of good governance to activate the tracks of sustainable development depends the shoulders of ruling elite, but before materializing it in reality, there must be materializing thoughts of good governance and development in the mentality of ruling elite first of all.
Thus, achieving comprehensive and balanced development in Algeria and materializing it on reality which pass first through changing the mentality of ruling elite and improving political performance of parties in general and opposition in particular, and then content of both two parties with mechanisms of good governance secondly.

Convergence Plan 2007: Map delineation of thepermanent borders of Israel

Mohamed Gamal El Din Al Alawi

Regional Studies, Volume 6, Issue 20, Pages 23-52

Abstract
The American "Road Map" project includes a permanent
settlement for the Palestinian – Israeli conflict establishing a
Palestinian state that lives beside Israel within safe borders. However
the Israeli politicians escape committing to the project of permanent
settlement heading to a temporary settlement for the conflict; starting
from Ariel Sharon's disengagement plan from Gaza and ending in
the new separation plan, called the assembly plan, which was
declared by Ehud Olmert, the Israeli prime minister. This plan
includes a unilateral withdrawal from some of the Israeli settlements
in the West Bank aiming at demarcating permanent borders for
Israel. The plan has got American guarantees.
Despite eliminating and ignoring the Palestinian side from the
plan, the former will be able to enforce itself, even on the Israeli
stand whatever it is, if it knows how to unify, form and crystallize its
efforts in regaining its right in Palestine.

The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Morocco A study of the political relations between the two countries after the Iranian revolution in 1979

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 39, Pages 43-74

The Iranian-Moroccan relations after the Iranian revolution of 1979 were characterized by instability, Due to the repetition of tension and political rupture between the two countries, Relations between the two countries broke off in 1981 and continued for 10 years until 1991, After vigorous diplomatic efforts by both sides, After which the relations will witness a situation of relative stability and cooperation that continued until 2009, To return to the state of tension and then cut ties against the backdrop of a number of accusations filed by Morocco justified it, Relations between the two countries have been cut off for seven years to resume again in late 2016, Its appeal lasted more than a year and a half until Morocco announced on May 1, 2018, that it would sever its political relations once again with Iran, Accusing the latter of interfering in its internal affairs, supporting the Polisario Front and cooperating with Algeria against Morocco.

Cultural development in the Arab World (Cultural development and the Arab political system)

Rawa Zeki Younis yihyia AL tawel

Regional Studies, Volume 6, Issue 19, Pages 27-68

To the extent that development of human vision or centered on the rights and aspiring to strengthen the position of the individual, freedom and creative abilities have to be a greater need to increase investment in culture and transfer of development itself to the cultural development. And vice versa, as far as deny development of man and focus on its profit-making business or build military might and superiority which eliminated the relative importance of culture and less interest in them and behind the values of reason and freedom and peace.

Cultural development in the Arab World (Cultural development and the Arab political system)

Rawa Zeki Younis yihyia AL tawel

Regional Studies, Volume 6, Issue 19, Pages 27-68

To the extent that development of human vision or centered on the rights and aspiring to strengthen the position of the individual, freedom and creative abilities have to be a greater need to increase investment in culture and transfer of development itself to the cultural development. And vice versa, as far as deny development of man and focus on its profit-making business or build military might and superiority which eliminated the relative importance of culture and less interest in them and behind the values of reason and freedom and peace.

Toward Resource Efficiency And Environment Sufficiency In Sustainable Development:

Nawfal Kasim Ali Al-Shahwan

Regional Studies, Volume 4, Issue 9, Pages 131-156

This study aims to confirming the importance of more of resource efficiency, social sufficiency, and good environment for sustainable development referring to the some comparative experiments of Iraq and neighbors.
Economic literatures on development experiments at both developed and developing show that achieving the balance between the mentioned things is a very complicated and important matter at the time. Always there is a shake of the two pans and it is impossible for the balance to continue together, i.e. one by one while the other being on an opposite direction. The result development losing it's sustainability conditions coinciding with the conditions change.
Success of economic policies depends on essential bases, may the environment is the most important one in making use of abounded resources for economic development. The success of using resources in turn depends on two things. The first is success of economic efficiency; the second is achieving social adequacy, so called social sufficiency.

Czechoslovakia As A Model For Peace Disintegration And Transformation From Communist Socialistic Regime To Liberal Capitalistic One: Failure & Success

Mahmood Salim Jasim

Regional Studies, Volume 6, Issue 19, Pages 113-161

After about two decades we try to study a model of transformation for a political system from socialist communism to democratic liberal capitalism in order to clarify the pros and cons affecting each aspect of life by the velvet revolution of 1989 in Czechoslovakia, and the achievements by the democratic transformation, after the political landscape has witnessed the emergence of about 100 parties organizations, movements, and political associations'. moreover, prices have risen 300% compared with the communist system. A new class emerged, besides the strategic transformations by joining the NATO in 1999, then joining the European Union in 2004. The research also tackles the consequences of separation and the political, economic and security movements and failures from 1993-2009 .

Syrian National Socialist Party and His Coup Attempt In Lebanon 1961-1962

Fathi A. Khalaf

Regional Studies, Volume 6, Issue 19, Pages 361-388

The coup attempt of the nationalist socialist Syrian party against the regime of Fuad Shihab and it's results upon the party itself and the Lebanon society had been tackled in this research. The factors that encouraged and pushed the party to do so had been displayed as well as the foreign support. Also the inside and outside reaction had been dealt with in this research. Moreover this research submitted something about the prosecution of those who contributed in this coup. Finally the results of the research had been presented.

The development of tourism & travel services, and economic performance of a sample of developing countries

Ahmed Tarik Mahmood ALaga

Regional Studies, Volume 5, Issue 16, Pages 461-490

The travel and tourism sector has become one of the most important sources of the economies of several developed and developing countries for its role in the gross domestic product in addition to its direct effect on the employment , improving the balance of payments position through importing hard currency
The present study aims at introducing the concept of tourism , its types and its role in the economical variables as well as the total impact if the increased degree of competition in this sector on the total output of the sample countries.
The study divided into two parts the first one focuses on the theoretical frame of this sector while the second part deals with the analysis of the indicators of the development in this sector and its effect on the gross domestic product of the sample countries.

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